Anti-Inflammatory Role of Cannabidiol and O-1602 in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Mice

Research Subject: Inflammation
Author: Kun Li, PhD, Jia-yan Feng, MD, Yong-yu Li, MD et al.
Publish Date: 2013

Objectives: The anti-inflammatory effects of O-1602 and cannabidiol (CBD), the ligands of G proteinYcoupled receptor 55 (GPR55), on experimental acute pancreatitis (AP) were investigated.

Methods: Acute pancreatitis was induced in C57BL mice by intraperitoneal injection of 50 Kg/kg cerulein hourly, with a total of 6 times. Drugs (O-1602, 10 mg/kg, or CBD, 0.5 mg/kg) were given by intraperitoneal injection 2 times at 30 minutes before the first injection and immediately before the fifth cerulein injection. At 3 hours after the last injection, the blood, the lungs, and the pancreas were harvested for the pancreatic enzyme activity, myeloperoxidase activity, and pro-inflammatory cytokines measurement; and the expressions of GPR55 mRNA and protein in the pancreas were detected.

Results: Cannabidiol or O-1602 treatment significantly improved the pathological changes of mice with AP and decreased the enzyme activities, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor > levels, and the myeloperoxidase activities in plasma and in the organ tissues. G proteinYcoupled receptor 55 mRNA and protein expressed in the pancreatic tissue, and the expressions were decreased in the mice with AP, and either CBD or O-1602 attenuated these changes to a certain extent.

Conclusion: Cannabidiol and O-1602 showed anti-inflammatory effects in mice with AP and improved the expression of GPR55 in the pancreatic tissue as well.

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